By: Lindsay MacIntosh
Students in the library black and white photo

Executive Development

Dean Edward H. Litchfield initiated B&PA’s PhD program and launched the Executive Development Program in 1954. Litchfield asserted that the problems, structures, systems, and techniques of administering any organization could be scientifically identified and understood through one set of common theoretical principles, an idea that laid the foundation for the grant that launched the Sloan Program in Hospital and Health Services Administration in 1955.